copied from 1975 Jenkins High School Yearbook)
We will fight for the right, never
Throw the ball and hit the line
Every Jenkins Star will shine
will fight, fight, fight for the green
will roll for the goal, Varsity
We will kick, pass and run
Till the battle is won
And bring home the V I C-T O-R Y!"
(If I didn't get all the lyrics right,
please let me know so I can correct
taken from “The History of Jenkins, Kentucky” compiled by
Jenkins Area Jaycees in honor of the Sixtieth Anniversary
Homecoming Celebration, 1913-1973).
located at the foot of Pine Mountain in Letcher County,
Kentucky, is unique in its development as compared to other
small towns; because it didn’t come into existence by a small
settlement over a period of years. Jenkins was planned
and built for men who came to mine its coal. In the fall
of 1911, the Consolidation Coal Company (“Consol”) purchased
one hundred thousand acres of coal lands in Pike, Letcher and
made for the extension of the Lexington and Eastern Railroad
from Jackson to a point on the north fork of the Kentucky
River selected as the sight of a town, named McRoberts in
honor of Samuel McRoberts, director of Consol. Plans
were also made and a site selected for a town named Jenkins,
in honor of George C. Jenkins, a director of Consol.
Trees on the
company’s land were cut down to build the hundreds of homes
and other structures needed for their employees and operation
of the mines. Nine saw mills and machinery for
brickyards were brought in and installed, as were steam and
electric outfits. A railroad and wagon road were built
across the mountain to Virginia to bring in the necessary
equipment for mining and building, as well as food supplies
for the town. Once everything was in place, Consol was ready
for business and had an output of several thousand tons of
coal per day for shipment.
construction of the town of Jenkins It is not clear if it
were planned that way or just developed; but Jenkins was made
up of four small towns, incorporated under one small
township: Dunham, Burdine, Jenkins and McRoberts. When
Jenkins was spoken of, it referred to all four townships;
though each section was built separately. McRoberts is no
longer part of Jenkins.
transportation to any who would move to the area to work in
the mines. Housing furnished by the company was built
from lumber and other resources already in the area.
Most of the houses were two-story two-family residences with
eight to ten rooms. Bosses houses were usually had one
story with three to six rooms. The houses had toilets
(“outhouses”) and some had wash houses. They were later
equipped with electricity and water by hydrants in front of
the house. One hydrant would furnish water for several
View of Jenkins Lake
(Click on thumbnail for
enlargement of Jenkins lake)
Note: Jenkins Lake
provided the source for the power plant. The power plant
that sat in front of the dam was later the local theater, but
is now gone. It provides a stopover place for migrating
ducks and geese. Some have decided to make it a
permanent residence, nesting and raising their young, much to
the delight of visitors to the lake. They will come
eagerly for bread crumbs when you walk toward the lake.
There's also good fishing from its banks.
paid about 35 cents an hour which was sufficient since the
company provided so many of their necessities.
stores and hotels and provided a police force and jail.
Recreation centers were built in the townships as were
churches. The churches were deeded to the members for one
dollar when the company began to sell its real estate. Club
houses were built in McRoberts and Jenkins for the men who
could not find a house for their families.
Jenkins Independent School System was organized. Elementary
schools were also built in each township.
At one time,
Jenkins reached its peak in population with almost 10,000
people living within its city limits.
was put on the market, it was a major change. The wages
were small, but there were benefits. When one got a job
with Consol, the company gave him a house rent free and paid
no electric, water or sewer bills. They got their fuel
for small fee. Part of their wages was paid in script.
Script was a type of money printed by the company and could
only be spent in company-owned businesses. The company
owned the hospital, hired doctors and nurses and owned the
only funeral home. In 1956, Consol sold its interest in
the area to Bethlehem Steel and named the company Beth-Elkhorn
the houses, businesses, schools, etc., were bought by the
citizens of Jenkins. It was then that the City of Jenkins
established city government.
townships of Burdine, Dunham and Jenkins comprise the City of
Jenkins. When the mines worked out, the people began to leave
to find jobs in other places. The population of Jenkins is
about 3,000 now. Many of the structures built by Consol are
still standing. Some have been renovated; some declared
historical buildings and most of the original structures of
the homes have been remodeled many times over.
sits peacefully at the foot of the mountains with folks who
know their neighbors and care for each other.
picture for larger view
The old Jenkins
High School building is in the process of being restored and
is looking for occupants.
Old Pictures of Jenkins
are just a sampling of a website that has a slideshow of
over 800 pictures of early Jenkins and other surrounding
coal mining camps and beautiful scenery shots. You can
visit there by clicking below.
If you visit the
slideshow, you will need to click your browser "Back" to
Click on pictures below
to enlarge and click "Back" on your browser to return to
Click here to visit our "Kentucky"
Though many of
us have moved away from Kentucky, our roots remain there.
It is still considered our
"Home State." We are proud to be Kentuckians!
County Community News-Press.
food cake mix
1 can cherry pie
2 tsp vanilla
Mix well, and
pour into 9x13 oiled and floured pan. Bake 25 minutes at
350 degrees. Cool.
Combine 1 c
sugar, 4 Tbsp cocoa, dash salt, 1/2 c cream. Cook in
small sauce pan 4 minutes and add 1 tsp butter. Stir
while sauce pan is sitting in a pan of cool water until firm
enough to spread.
Add nuts to cake
or frosting is desired.
Visit Delores' web
Copyright Kelsey Adams